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NCLEX Sample Questions for Pediatric Nursing 1



1. Which of the following would be inappropriate when administering chemotherapy to a child?

a. Monitoring the child for both general and specific adverse effects
b. Observing the child for 10 minutes to note for signs of anaphylaxis
c. Administering medication through a free-flowing intravenous line
d. Assessing for signs of infusion infiltration and irritation


2. Which of the following is the best method for performing a physical examination on a toddler

a. From head to toe
b. Distally to proximally
c. From abdomen to toes, the to head
d. From least to most intrusive


3. Which of the following organisms is responsible for the development of rheumatic fever?

a. Streptococcal pneumonia
b. Haemophilus influenza
c. Group A β-hemolytic streptococcus
d. Staphylococcus aureus


4. Which of the following is most likely associated with a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) resulting from congenital heart disease?

a. Polycythemia
b. Cardiomyopathy
c. Endocarditis
d. Low blood pressure


5. How does the nurse appropriately administer mycostatin suspension in an infant?

a. Have the infant drink water, and then administer mycostatin in a syringe
b. Place mycostatin on the nipple of the feeding bottle and have the infant suck it
c. Mix mycostatin with formula
d. Swab mycostatin on the affected areas


6. A mother tells the nurse that she is very worried because her 2-year old child does not finish his meals. What should the nurse advise the mother?

a. make the child seat with the family in the dining room until he finishes his meal
b. provide quiet environment for the child before meals
c. do not give snacks to the child before meals
d. put the child on a chair and feed him


7. The nurse is assessing a newborn who had undergone vaginal delivery. Which of the following findings is least likely to be observed in a normal newborn?

a. uneven head shape
b. respirations are irregular, abdominal, 30-60 bpm
c. (+) moro reflex
d. heart rate is 80 bpm


8. Which of the following situations increase risk of lead poisoning in children?

a. playing in the park with heavy traffic and with many vehicles passing by
b. playing sand in the park
c. playing plastic balls with other children
d. playing with stuffed toys at home


9. An inborn error of metabolism that causes premature destruction of RBC?

a. G6PD
b. Hemocystinuria
c. Phenylketonuria
d. Celiac Disease


10. Which of the following blood study results would the nurse expect as most likely when caring for the child with iron deficiency anemia?

a. Increased hemoglobin
b. Normal hematocrit
c. Decreased mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
d. Normal total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)


11. The nurse answers a call bell and finds a frightened mother whose child, the patient, is having a seizure. Which of these actions should the nurse take?

a. The nurse should insert a padded tongue blade in the patient’s mouth to prevent the child from swallowing or choking on his tongue.
b. The nurse should help the mother restrain the child to prevent him from injuring himself.
c. The nurse should call the operator to page for seizure assistance.
d. The nurse should clear the area and position the client safely.


12. At the community center, the nurse leads an adolescent health information group, which often expands into other areas of discussion. She knows that these youths are trying to find out “who they are,” and discussion often focuses on which directions they want to take in school and life, as well as peer relationships. According to Erikson, this stage is known as:

a. identity vs. role confusion.
b. adolescent rebellion.
c. career experimentation.
d. relationship testing


13. The nurse is assessing a 9-month-old boy for a well-baby check up. Which of the following observations would be of most concern?

a. The baby cannot say “mama” when he wants his mother.
b. The mother has not given him finger foods.
c. The child does not sit unsupported.
d. The baby cries whenever the mother goes out.


14. Cheska, the mother of an 11-month-old girl, KC, is in the clinic for her daughter’s immunizations. She expresses concern to the nurse that Shannon cannot yet walk. The nurse correctly replies that, according to the Denver Developmental Screen, the median age for walking is:

a. 12 months.
b. 15 months.
c. 10 months.
d. 14 months.


15. Sally Kent., age 13, has had a lumbar puncture to examine the CSF to determine if bacterial infection exists. The best position to keep her in after the procedure is:

a. prone for two hours to prevent aspiration, should she vomit.
b. semi-fowler’s so she can watch TV for five hours and be entertained.
c. supine for several hours, to prevent headache.
d. on her right sides to encourage return of CSF


16. Buck’s traction with a 10 lb. weight is securing a patient’s leg while she is waiting for surgery to repair a hip fracture. It is important to check circulation- sensation-movement:

a. every shift.
b. every day.
c. every 4 hours.
d. every 15 minutes.


17. Carol Smith is using bronchodilators for asthma. The side effects of these drugs that you need to monitor this patient for include:

a. tachycardia, nausea, vomiting, heart palpitations, inability to sleep, restlessness, and seizures.
b. tachycardia, headache, dyspnea, temp . 101 F, and wheezing.
c. blurred vision, tachycardia, hypertension, headache, insomnia, and oliguria.
d. restlessness, insomnia, blurred vision, hypertension, chest pain, and muscle weakness.


18. The adolescent patient has symptoms of meningitis: nuchal rigidity, fever, vomiting, and lethargy. The nurse knows to prepare for the following test:

a. blood culture.
b. throat and ear culture.
c. CAT scan.
d. lumbar puncture.


19. The nurse is drawing blood from the diabetic patient for a glycosolated hemoglobin test. She explains to the woman that the test is used to determine:

a. the highest glucose level in the past week.
b. her insulin level.
c. glucose levels over the past several months.
d. her usual fasting glucose level.


20. The twelve-year-old boy has fractured his arm because of a fall from his bike. After the injury has been casted, the nurse knows it is most important to perform all of the following assessments on the area distal to the injury except:

a. capillary refill.
b. radial and ulnar pulse.
c. finger movement
d. skin integrity



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