Fundamentals of Nursing Practice Exam 1

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1. Using the principles of standard precautions, the nurse would wear gloves in what nursing interventions?

  1. Providing a back massage
  2. Feeding a client
  3. Providing hair care
  4. Providing oral hygiene

2. The nurse is preparing to take vital sign in an alert client admitted to the hospital with dehydration secondary to vomiting and diarrhea. What is the best method used to assess the client’s temperature?

  1. Oral
  2. Axillary
  3. Radial
  4. Heat sensitive tape

3. A nurse obtained a client’s pulse and found the rate to be above normal. The nurse document this findings as:

  1. Tachypnea
  2. Hyper pyrexia
  3. Arrythmia
  4. Tachycardia

4. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to use a wide base support when assisting a client to get up in a chair?

  1. Bend at the waist and place arms under the client’s arms and lift
  2. Face the client, bend knees and place hands on client’s forearm and lift
  3. Spread his or her feet apart
  4. Tighten his or her pelvic muscles

5. A client had oral surgery following a motor vehicle accident. The nurse assessing the client finds the skin flushed and warm. Which of the following would be the best method to take the client’s body temperature?

  1. Oral
  2. Axillary
  3. Arterial line
  4. Rectal

6. A client who is unconscious needs frequent mouth care. When performing a mouth care, the best position of a client is:

  1. Fowler’s position
  2. Side lying
  3. Supine
  4. Trendelenburg

7. A client is hospitalized for the first time, which of the following actions ensure the safety of the client?

  1. Keep unnecessary furniture out of the way
  2. Keep the lights on at all time
  3. Keep side rails up at all time
  4. Keep all equipment out of view

8. A walk-in client enters into the clinic with a chief complaint of abdominal pain and diarrhea. The nurse takes the client’s vital sign hereafter. What phrase of nursing process is being implemented here by the nurse?

  1. Assessment
  2. Diagnosis
  3. Planning
  4. Implementation

9. It is best describe as a systematic, rational method of planning and providing nursing care for individual, families, group and community

  1. Assessment
  2. Nursing Process
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Implementation

10. Exchange of gases takes place in which of the following organ?

  1. Kidney
  2. Lungs
  3. Liver
  4. Heart

11. The Chamber of the heart that receives oxygenated blood from the lungs is the?

  1. Left atrium
  2. Right atrium
  3. Left ventricle
  4. Right ventricle

12. A muscular enlarge pouch or sac that lies slightly to the left which is used for temporary storage of food…

  1. Gallbladder
  2. Urinary bladder
  3. Stomach
  4. Lungs

13. The ability of the body to defend itself against scientific invading agent such as baceria, toxin, viruses and foreign body

  1. Hormones
  2. Secretion
  3. Immunity
  4. Glands

14. Hormones secreted by Islets of Langerhans

  1. Progesterone
  2. Testosterone
  3. Insulin
  4. Hemoglobin

15. It is a transparent membrane that focuses the light that enters the eyes to the retina.

  1. Lens
  2. Sclera
  3. Cornea
  4. Pupils

16. Which of the following is included in Orem’s theory?

  1. Maintenance of a sufficient intake of air
  2. Self perception
  3. Love and belonging
  4. Physiologic needs

17. Which of the following cluster of data belong to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

  1. Love and belonging
  2. Physiologic needs
  3. Self actualization
  4. All of the above

18. This is characterized by severe symptoms relatively of short duration.

  1. Chronic Illness
  2. Acute Illness
  3. Pain
  4. Syndrome

19. Which of the following is the nurse’s role in the health promotion

  1. Health risk appraisal
  2. Teach client to be effective health consumer
  3. Worksite wellness
  4. None of the above

20. It is describe as a collection of people who share some attributes of their lives.

  1. Family
  2. Illness
  3. Community
  4. Nursing

21. Five teaspoon is equivalent to how many milliliters (ml)?

  1. 30 ml
  2. 25 ml
  3. 12 ml
  4. 22 ml

22. 1800 ml is equal to how many liters?

  1. 1.8
  2. 18000
  3. 180
  4. 2800

23. Which of the following is the abbreviation of drops?

  1. Gtt.
  2. Gtts.
  3. Dp.
  4. Dr.

24. The abbreviation for micro drop is…

  1. µgtt
  2. gtt
  3. mdr
  4. mgts

25. Which of the following is the meaning of PRN?

  1. When advice
  2. Immediately
  3. When necessary
  4. Now

26. Which of the following is the appropriate meaning of CBR?

  1. Cardiac Board Room
  2. Complete Bathroom
  3. Complete Bed Rest
  4. Complete Board Room

27. 1 tsp is equals to how many drops?

  1. 15
  2. 60
  3. 10
  4. 30

28. 20 cc is equal to how many ml?

  1. 2
  2. 20
  3. 2000
  4. 20000

29. 1 cup is equals to how many ounces?

  1. 8
  2. 80
  3. 800
  4. 8000

30. The nurse must verify the client’s identity before administration of medication. Which of the following is the safest way to identify the client?

  1. Ask the client his name
  2. Check the client’s identification band
  3. State the client’s name aloud and have the client repeat it
  4. Check the room number

31. The nurse prepares to administer buccal medication. The medicine should be placed…

  1. On the client’s skin
  2. Between the client’s cheeks and gums
  3. Under the client’s tongue
  4. On the client’s conjuctiva

32. The nurse administers cleansing enema. The common position for this procedure is…

  1. Sims left lateral
  2. Dorsal Recumbent
  3. Supine
  4. Prone

33. A client complains of difficulty of swallowing, when the nurse try to administer capsule medication. Which of the following measures the nurse should do?

  1. Dissolve the capsule in a glass of water
  2. Break the capsule and give the content with an applesauce
  3. Check the availability of a liquid preparation
  4. Crash the capsule and place it under the tongue

34. Which of the following is the appropriate route of administration for insulin?

  1. Intramuscular
  2. Intradermal
  3. Subcutaneous
  4. Intravenous

35. The nurse is ordered to administer ampicillin capsule TIP p.o. The nurse shoud give the medication…

  1. Three times a day orally
  2. Three times a day after meals
  3. Two time a day by mouth
  4. Two times a day before meals

36. Back Care is best describe as:

  1. Caring for the back by means of massage
  2. Washing of the back
  3. Application of cold compress at the back
  4. Application of hot compress at the back

37. It refers to the preparation of the bed with a new set of linens

  1. Bed bath
  2. Bed making
  3. Bed shampoo
  4. Bed lining

38. Which of the following is the most important purpose of handwashing

  1. To promote hand circulation
  2. To prevent the transfer of microorganism
  3. To avoid touching the client with a dirty hand
  4. To provide comfort

39. What should be done in order to prevent contaminating of the environment in bed making?

  1. Avoid funning soiled linens
  2. Strip all linens at the same time
  3. Finished both sides at the time
  4. Embrace soiled linen

40. The most important purpose of cleansing bed bath is:

  1. To cleanse, refresh and give comfort to the client who must remain in bed
  2. To expose the necessary parts of the body
  3. To develop skills in bed bath
  4. To check the body temperature of the client in bed

41. Which of the following technique involves the sense of sight?

  1. Inspection
  2. Palpation
  3. Percussion
  4. Auscultation

42. The first techniques used examining the abdomen of a client is:

  1. Palpation
  2. Auscultation
  3. Percussion
  4. Inspection

43. A technique in physical examination that is use to assess the movement of air through the tracheobronchial tree:

  1. Palpation
  2. Auscultation
  3. Inspection
  4. Percussion

44. An instrument used for auscultation is:

  1. Percussion-hammer
  2. Audiometer
  3. Stethoscope
  4. Sphygmomanometer

45. Resonance is best describe as:

  1. Sounds created by air filled lungs
  2. Short, high pitch and thudding
  3. Moderately loud with musical quality
  4. Drum-like

46. The best position for examining the rectum is:

  1. Prone
  2. Sim’s
  3. Knee-chest
  4. Lithotomy

47. It refers to the manner of walking

  1. Gait
  2. Range of motion
  3. Flexion and extension
  4. Hopping

48. The nurse asked the client to read the Snellen chart. Which of the following is tested:

  1. Optic
  2. Olfactory
  3. Oculomotor
  4. Trochlear

49. Another name for knee-chest position is:

  1. Genu-dorsal
  2. Genu-pectoral
  3. Lithotomy
  4. Sim’s

50. The nurse prepare IM injection that is irritating to the subcutaneous tissue. Which of the following is the best action in order to prevent tracking of the medication

  1. Use a small gauge needle
  2. Apply ice on the injection site
  3. Administer at a 45° angle
  4. Use the Z-track technique
Answers
  1. D. Providing oral hygiene 
  2. B. Axillary
  3. D. Tachycardia 
  4. B. Face the client, bend knees and place hands on client’s forearm and lift
  5. B. Axillary
  6. B. Side lying
  7. C. Keep side rails up at all time
  8. A. Assessment
  9. B. Nursing Process
  10. B. Lungs
  11. A. Left atrium
  12. C. Stomach
  13. C. Immunity
  14. C. Insulin
  15. C. Cornea
  16. A. Maintenance of a sufficient intake of air
  17. D. All of the above 
  18. B. Acute Illness
  19. B. Teach client to be effective health consumer
  20. C. Community
  21. B. 25 ml
  22. A. 1.8
  23. B. Gtts.
  24. A. µgtt
  25. C. When necessary
  26. C. Complete Bed Rest
  27. B. 60
  28. B. 20
  29. A. 8
  30. A. Ask the client his name
  31. B. Between the client’s cheeks and gums
  32. A. Sims left lateral
  33. C. Check the availability of a liquid preparation
  34. C. Subcutaneous
  35. A. Three times a day orally
  36. A. Caring for the back by means of massage
  37. B. Bed making
  38. B. To prevent the transfer of microorganism
  39. A. Avoid funning soiled linens
  40. A. To cleanse, refresh and give comfort to the client who must remain in bed
  41. A. Inspection
  42. D. Inspection 
  43. B. Auscultation
  44. C. Stethoscope
  45. A. Sounds created by air filled lungs
  46. C. Knee-chest
  47. A. Gait
  48. A. Optic
  49. B. Genu-pectoral
  50. D. Use the Z-track technique