Generic Name :hydroxyzine , hydroxyzine hydrochloride , hydroxyzine pamoate
- Oral preparations: Apo-Hydroxyzine (CAN), Novo-Hydroxyzine (CAN), Vistaril
- Parenteral preparations: Vistaril
- Oral preparations: Vistaril
Classification: Anxiolytic, Antihistamine, Antiemetic
Pregnancy Category C
Dosage & Route
Available forms : Tablets—10, 25, 50, 100 mg; syrup—10 mg/5 mL; capsules—25, 50, 100 mg; oral suspension—25 mg/5 mL; injection—25, 50 mg/mL
Dosages : Start patients on IM therapy when indicated; use oral therapy for maintenance. Adjust dosage to patient’s response.
- Symptomatic relief of anxiety: 50–100 mg qid.
- Management of pruritus: 25 mg tid–qid.
- Sedative (preoperative and postoperative): 50–100 mg.
- Psychiatric and emotional emergencies, including alcoholism: 50–100 mg immediately and q 4–6 hr as needed.
- Nausea and vomiting: 25–100 mg.
- Preoperative and postoperative, prepartum and postpartum: 25–100 mg.
- Anxiety, pruritus:
- < 6 yr: 50 mg/day in divided doses.
- > 6 yr: 50–100 mg/day in divided doses.
- Sedative: 0.6 mg/kg.
- Nausea, preoperative and postoperative: 1.1 mg/kg (0.5 mg/lb).
- Hydroxyzine blocks histamine H1-receptors on effector cells of the GI tract, blood vessels and respiratory tract; a sedating anihistamine with antimuscarinic and significant sedative properties. It also possesses skeletal muscle relaxing, bronchodilator, antiemetic and analgesic properties.
- Symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension associated with psychoneurosis; adjunct in organic disease states in which anxiety is manifested; alcoholism and asthma; before dental procedures
- Management of pruritus due to allergic conditions, such as chronic urticaria, atopic and contact dermatosis, and in histamine-mediated pruritus
- Sedation when used as premedication and following general anesthesia
- Control of nausea and vomiting and as adjunct to analgesia preoperatively and postoperatively (parenteral) to allow decreased opioid dosage
- IM administration: Management of the acutely disturbed or hysterical patient; the acute or chronic alcoholic with anxiety withdrawal symptoms or delirium tremens; as preoperative and postoperative and prepartum and postpartum adjunctive medication to permit reduction in opioid dosage, allay anxiety, and control emesis
- CNS depression, paradoxical CNS stimulation, dry mouth, thickened respiratory secretions, constipation, blurring of vision, tachycardia, GI disturbances, headache, hypotension, tinnitus.
- Porphyria, neonates, pregnancy, lactation.
- History: Allergy to hydroxyzine or cetirizine, uncomplicated vomiting in children, lactation, pregnancy
- Physical: Skin color, lesions, texture; orientation, reflexes, affect; R, adventitious sounds
- WARNING: Determine and treat underlying cause of vomiting. Drug may mask signs and symptoms of serious conditions, such as brain tumor, intestinal obstruction, or appendicitis.
- Do not administer parenteral solution subcutaneously, IV, or intra-arterially; tissue necrosis has occurred with subcutaneous and intra-arterial injection, and hemolysis with IV injection.
- Give IM injections deep into a large muscle: In adults, use upper outer quadrant of buttocks or midlateral thigh; in children use midlateral thigh muscles; use deltoid area only if well developed.
- Take this drug as prescribed. Avoid excessive dosage.
- You may experience these side effects: Dizziness, sedation, drowsiness (use caution if driving or performing tasks that require alertness); avoid alcohol, sedatives, sleep aids (serious overdosage could result); dry mouth (frequent mouth care, sucking on sugarless lozenges may help).
- Report difficulty breathing, tremors, loss of coordination, sore muscles, or muscle spasms.