MSN Exam for Respiratory System

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1. Which of the following conditions correlate with the following information:

  • High pH
  • High HCO3
  • High BE
  • Neutral pCO2
  1. Respiratory alkalosis
  2. Respiratory acidosis
  3. Metabolic acidosis
  4. Metabolic alkalosis

2. Which of the following conditions correlate with the following information:

  • High pH
  • Neutral HCO3
  • Neutral BE
  • Low pCO2
  1. Respiratory alkalosis
  2. Respiratory acidosis
  3. Metabolic acidosis
  4. Metabolic alkalosis

3. Which of the following conditions correlate with the following information:

  • Low pH
  • Low HCO3
  • Low BE
  • Neutral pCO2
  1. Respiratory alkalosis
  2. Respiratory acidosis
  3. Metabolic acidosis
  4. Metabolic alkalosis

4. Which of the following information corresponds with a negative TB test?

  1. 0-4 mm induration at 48 hours
  2. 0-5 mm induration at 48 hours
  3. 0-6 mm induration at 48 hours
  4. 0-7 mm induration at 48 hours

5. Which of the following is the most common type of lung cancer?

  1. Large cell
  2. Adenocarcinoma
  3. Oat cell
  4. Squamous cell

6. What cell type secrets surfactant?

  1. Plasma cell
  2. Type I alveolar cell
  3. Type II alveolar cell
  4. Type III alveolar cell

7. Which of the following pulmonary term correlates with the definition: noted obstruction of the trachea or larynx.

  1. Rhonchi
  2. Stridor
  3. Wheezes
  4. Vesicular

8. Normal values for pCO2 are considered:

  1. 20-40 mm Hg
  2. 25-30 mm Hg
  3. 30-40 mm Hg
  4. 35-45 mm Hg

9. Normal values for HCO3 are considered:

  1. 15-30 mEq/L
  2. 20-35 mEq/L
  3. 22-26 mEq/L
  4. 24-29 mEq/L

10. Pneumoncystis carinii infections are commonly treated with which of the following medications?

  1. Pentamidine
  2. Allopurinol
  3. Iorazepam
  4. Chlorpropamide

11. Which of the following is not generally caused by COPD?

  1. Pneumonia
  2. Right sided heart failure
  3. Headaches
  4. Cor pulmonale

12. Which of the following is not considered a COPD related disease?

  1. Bronchiectasis
  2. Bronchial asthma
  3. Bronchitis
  4. Bronchial hypotension

13. Which of the following pulmonary term correlates with the definition: bronchospasm of the bronchial walls?

  1. Wheezes
  2. Rhonchi
  3. Stridor
  4. Pleural Rub

14. Which of the following is considered an expectorant?

  1. Acetylcysteine
  2. Guaifenesin
  3. Theophylline
  4. Epinephrine HCL

15. Which of the following is considered a bronchodilator?

  1. Acetylcysteine
  2. Guaifenesin
  3. Theophylline
  4. Epinephrine HCL

16. Which of the following is considered a xanthine?

  1. Acetylcysteine
  2. Guaifenesin
  3. Theophylline
  4. Epinephrine HCL

17. Which of the following is considered a mucolytic?

  1. Acetylcysteine
  2. Guaifenesin
  3. Theophylline
  4. Epinephrine HCL

18. Which of the following matches the definition: The volume of air that can be inhaled following exhalation of tidal volume?

  1. Expiratory reserve volume
  2. Inspiratory capacity
  3. Inspiratory reserve volume
  4. Vital capacity

19. Which of the following matches the definition: The maximum volume of air that can be exhaled after taking the deepest breath possible?

  1. Expiratory reserve volume
  2. Inspiratory capacity
  3. Inspiratory reserve volume
  4. Vital capacity

20. The respiratory center is located in the ____ and ______.

  1. Midbrain and pons
  2. Pons and Medulla oblongata
  3. Midbrain and Medulla oblongata
  4. Pons and Hypothalamus
Answers
  1. D. Metabolic alkalosis 
  2. A. Respiratory alkalosis 
  3. C. Metabolic acidosis 
  4. A. 0-4 mm induration at 48 hours 
  5. D. Squamous cell 
  6. C. Type II alveolar cell 
  7. B. Stridor 
  8. D. 35-45 mm Hg 
  9. C. 22-26 mEq/L 
  10. A. Pentamidine 
  11. C. Headaches 
  12. D. Bronchial hypotension 
  13. A. Wheezes 
  14. B. Guaifenesin 
  15. D. Epinephrine HCL 
  16. C. Theophylline
  17. A. Acetylcysteine 
  18. B. Inspiratory capacity 
  19. D. Vital capacity 
  20. B. Pons and Medulla oblongata 

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