Nursing Bullets: Communicable Disease

DRUG OF CHOICE
  • Tetanus: PEN G Na; DIAZEPAM (Valium)
  • Meningitis: MANNITOL (osmotic diuretic); DEXAMETHASONE (anti-inflammatory); DILANTIN/PHENYTOIN (anti-convulsive); PYRETINOL/ENCEPHABO L (CNS stimulant)
  • Rabies Vaccines: LYSSAVAC, VERORAB
  • Immunoglobulins: ERIG or HRIg
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
  • Tetanus: WOUND CULTURE
  • Meningitis: LUMBAR PUNCTURE
  • Encephalitis: EEG
  • Polio: EMG; Muscle testing
  • Rabies: Brain biopsy (Negri bodies) Fluorescent rabies antibody test
  • Dengue: TOURNIQUET test (Rumpel lead)
  • Malaria: Malarial smear; QBC (Quantitative Buffy Coat)
  • Scarlet: DICK’S TEST; SCHULTZ-CHARLTON TEST
  • Diphtheria: SCHICK’S TEST; Moloney’s Test
  • Pertussis: Nasal swab; agar plate
  • Tuberculosis: MANTOUX test
  • Leprosy: SLIT SKIN SMEAR
  • Pinworm: SCOTCH TAPE SWAB
  • Typhoid: WIDAL’S test
  • HIV/AIDS: ELISA; WESTERN BLOT; PCT: Polymerase Chain Reaction Test
CAUSATIVE AGENTS
  • Tetanus: CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI
  • Meningococcemia: NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS
  • Rabies: RHABDOVIRUS
  • Poliomyelitis: LEGIO DEBILITANS (Type I Brunhilde); (Type II Lansing); (Type III Leon)
  • Dengue Fever: ARBOVIRUSES (Chikunggunya); (Onyong-nyong); (West Nile); (Flaviviruses) (Common in the Phil.)
  • Malaria: PLASMODIUM (protozoa) P. Falciparum (most fatal); P. Vivax P. Malariae; P. Ovale
  • Filariasis: WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI; BRUGIA MALAYI
  • Leprosy: MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE
  • Measles: PARAMYXO VIRUS
  • German measles: TOGA VIRUS
  • Chicken pox: VARICELLA ZOSTER VIRUS
  • Herpes zoster: HERPES ZOSTER VIRUS
  • Scarlet fever: Group A HEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCUS
  • Scabies: SARCOPTES SCABIEI (itch mite)
  • Bubonic plague: YERSINIA PESTIS
  • Diphtheria: KLEBS LOEFFLER
  • Pertussis: BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS
  • Tuberculosis: MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS
  • Typhoid: SALMONELLA TYPHI
  • Cholera: VIBRIO CHOLERA
  • Amoebiasis: ENTAMOEBA HYSTOLITICA
  • Leptospirosis: LEPTOSPIRA Spirochete
  • Schistosomiasis: Schistosoma japonicum
  • Gonorrhea: N. GONORRHEAE
  • Syphilis: TREPONEMA PALLIDUM
  • Chlamydia: C. trachomatis, T. vaginalis
  • Genital herpes: HERPES SIMPLEX 2
Communicable Disease PHARMACOLOGY
  • Malaria: CHLOROQUINE
  • Schistosomiasis: PRAZIQUANTEL
  • Scabies: EURAX/ CROTAMITON
  • Chicken pox: ACYCLOVIR/ZOVIRAX
  • Tuberculosis: R.I.P.E.S.
  • Pneumonia: COTRIMOXAZOLE; Procaine Penicillin
  • Helminths: MEBENDAZOLE; PYRANTEL PAMOATE
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