MSN Exam for Nutrition

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1. Which of the following is not considered a fat soluble vitamin?

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin B
  3. Vitamin K
  4. Vitamin E

2. Which of the following is not considered a water soluble vitamin?

  1. Vitamin B
  2. Vitamin C
  3. Vitamin D
  4. Vitamin B12

3. Which of the following is not an underlying cause of hypercalcemia?

  1. Paget’s disease
  2. Hyperparathyroidism
  3. Hartnup disease
  4. Sarcoidosis

4. Which of the following is caused by a B5deficiency?

  1. Ectopic pregnancy
  2. Nausea
  3. Dermatitis
  4. Fever

5. Which of the following is caused by a B6 deficiency?

  1. Excessive irritability
  2. Nonproductive cough
  3. Dry mouth
  4. Depression

6. Which of the following is caused by a B12 deficiency?

  1. Glossitis
  2. Fever
  3. Hypertension
  4. Edema

7. Which of the following is caused by a Vitamin C deficiency?

  1. Fever
  2. Anemia
  3. Headaches
  4. Nausea

8. Which of the following is caused by a Vitamin D deficiency?

  1. Edema
  2. Anemia
  3. Lupus
  4. Rickets

9. Which of the following is caused by a Vitamin K deficiency?

  1. Bruising
  2. Optic Nerve degeneration
  3. Anemia
  4. Hemorrhage (infants)

10. Another name for Vitamin B1 is ____ .

  1. Thiamine
  2. Riboflavin
  3. Pyridoxine
  4. Cobalamin

11. Which of the following foods is not high in potassium?

  1. Oranges
  2. Bananas
  3. Tomatoes
  4. Turnips

12. 1 gram of protein is equal to ____ of energy.

  1. 3 kcals
  2. 4 kcals
  3. 5 kcals
  4. 6 kcals

13. A protein restricted diet requires only ______ grams/day.

  1. 20-40
  2. 30-50
  3. 40-60
  4. 50-70

14. Which of the following is not considered a food reaction for infants?

  1. Diarrhea
  2. Hypertension
  3. Skin rash
  4. Difficulty breathing

15. Which of the following vitamins will be the most common in: oils from cereal seeds, salad oils, margarine and shortenings?

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin D
  3. Vitamin E
  4. Vitamin K

16. Which of the following vitamins will be the most common in: leafy green vegetables, egg yolk and soy oil?

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin D
  3. Vitamin E
  4. Vitamin K

17. Which of the following vitamins will be the most common in: fish liver oils, milk, and egg yolk?

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin D
  3. Vitamin E
  4. Vitamin K

18. Another name for Vitamin B12 is ____ .

  1. Pantothenic Acid
  2. Cyanocobalamin
  3. Niacin
  4. Riboflavin

19. Which of the following does not contain a high concentration of Niacin?

  1. Yeast
  2. Meat
  3. Liver
  4. Corn

20. Which of the following does not contain a high concentration of Vitamin A?

  1. Strawberries
  2. Oranges
  3. Green Vegetables
  4. Yellow Vegetables

21. A nurse is teaching a client with pancreatitis about following a low-fat diet. The nurse develops a list of high-fat foods to avoid and includes which food on the item list?

  1. Chocolate milk.
  2. Broccoli.
  3. Apple.
  4. Salmon.

22. The nurse is giving dietary instructions on a client who is on a vegan diet. The nurse provides dietary teaching focus on foods high in which vitamin that may be lacking in a vegan diet?

  1. Vitamin A.
  2. Vitamin D.
  3. Vitamin E.
  4. Vitamin C.

23. A nurse is caring for a client with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. The physician asks the nurse to teach the client to consume thiamine-rich food. The nurse instruct the client to increase the intake of which food items?

  1. Chicken.
  2. Milk.
  3. Beef.
  4. Brocolli.

24. A client who is recovering from a surgery has been ordered a change from a clear liquid diet to a full liquid diet. The nurse would offer which full liquid item to the client?

  1. Popsicle.
  2. Carbonated beverages.
  3. Gelatin.
  4. Pudding.

25. A postoperative client has been placed on a clear-liquid diet. The nurse provides the client with which items that are allowed to be consumed on this diet?

  1. Vegetable juices.
  2. Custard.
  3. Sherbet.
  4. Bouillon.

26. The nurse is teaching a client who has iron deficiency anemia about foods she should include in her diet. The nurse determines that the client understands the dietary instructions if she selects which of the following from her menu?

  1. Nuts and fish.
  2. Oranges and dark green leafy vegetables.
  3. Butter and margarine.
  4. Sugar and candy.

27. The nurse instructs a client with renal failure who is receiving hemodialysis about dietary modifications. The nurse determines that the client understands these dietary modifications if the client selects which items from the dietary menu?

  1. Mushroom and blueberry.
  2. Beans and banana.
  3. Fish and tomato juice.
  4. Potato and spinach.

28. A client with heart failure has been told to maintain a low sodium diet. A nurse who is teaching this client about foods that are allowed includes which food item in a list provided to the client?

  1. Pretzels.
  2. Whole wheat bread.
  3. Tomato juice canned.
  4. Dried apricot.

29. The nurse is instructing a client with hyperkalemia on the importance of choosing foods low in potassium. The nurse should teach the client to limit which of the following foods?

  1. Grapes.
  2. Carrot.
  3. Green beans.
  4. Lettuce.

30. A client is recovering from debridement of the right leg. A nurse encourages the client to eat which food item that is naturally high in vitamin C to promote wound healing?

  1. Milk.
  2. Chicken.
  3. Banana.
  4. Strawberries.
Answers
  1. B. Vitamin B
  2. C. Vitamin D
  3. C. Hartnup disease 
  4. C. Dermatitis 
  5. A. Excessive irritability 
  6. A. Glossitis 
  7. B. Anemia
  8. D. Rickets
  9. D. Hemorrhage (infants) 
  10. A. Thiamine 
  11. D. Turnips
  12. B. 4 kcals
  13. C. 40-60
  14. B. Hypertension 
  15. C. Vitamin E 
  16. D. Vitamin K 
  17. B. Vitamin D
  18. B. Cyanocobalamin
  19. D. Corn 
  20. C. Green Vegetables
  21. Answer: A. Chocolate milk. Chocolate milk is a high-fat food.
    • Options B and C: Fruits and vegetables are low in fat because they do not come from animal sources.
    • Option D: Salmon is naturally lower in fat.
  22. Answer: B. Vitamin D. Deficiencies in vegetarian diets include vitamin B12 which are found in animal products and vitamin D (if limited exposure to sunlight).
    • Options A, C, and D are found in fruits and vegetables, which are eaten by a vegetarian.
  23. Answer: C. Beef. Food sources of thiamin include beef, liver, nuts, oats, oranges, pork, eggs, seeds, legumes, peas and yeast.
    • Option A: Poultry contains niacin.
    • Option B: Milk contains vitamins A, D, and B2.
    • Option D: Broccoli contains folic acid, vitamins C, E, and K.
  24. Answer: D. Pudding. Full liquid food items include items such as plain ice cream, sherbet, breakfast drinks, milk, pudding, and custard, soups that are strained, refined cooked cereals, and strained vegetable juices.
    • Options A, B, and C are clear liquid diet.
  25. Answer: D. Bouillon. A clear liquid diet consists of foods that are relatively transparent to light and liquid at room and body temperature. Foods allowed on the clear liquid diet (bouillon, popsicles, plain gelatin, ice chips, sweetened tea or coffee (no creamer), carbonated beverages, and water)
    • Options A, B, and C are full liquid diet.
  26. Answer: B. Oranges and dark green leafy vegetables. Dark green leafy vegetables are rich in iron while oranges are a good source of vitamin C, which enhances iron absorption.
  27. Answer: A. Mushroom and blueberry. A renal diet is one that is low in sodium, phosphorous, potassium and protein.
    • Options B, C, and D are high in sodium, phosphorus, and potassium.
  28. Answer: D. Dried apricot. Foods that are lower in sodium includes fruits and vegetables like dried apricot.
  29. Answer: B. Carrot. Foods that are low in potassium include applesauce, grapes, green beans, blueberries, pineapple, and cabbage.
  30. Answer: D. Strawberries. Citrus fruits and juices are especially high in vitamin C.
    • Options A and B: Meats such as chicken and dairy products such as milk are high in vitamin B.
    • Option C: Banana is rich in potassium.

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