Seeks to prevent a disease or condition at a prepathologic state; to stop something from ever happening.
good standard of nutrition adjusted to developmental phase of life
use of specific immunization
attention to personal hygiene
use of environmental sanitation
protection against occupational hazards
protection from accidents
use of specific nutrients
protections from carcinogens
avoidance to allergens
Also known as “Health Maintenance”. Seeks to identify specific illnesses or conditions at an early stage with prompt intervention to prevent or limit disability; to prevent catastrophic effects that could occur if proper attention and treatment are not provided
Early Diagnosis and Prompt Treatment
case finding measures
individual and mass screening survey
prevent spread of communicable disease
prevent complication and sequelae
shorten period of disability
Adequate treatment to arrest disease process and prevent further complication and sequelae.
Provision of facilities to limit disability and prevent death.
Occurs after a disease or disability has occurred and the recovery process has begun; Intent is to halt the disease or injury process and assist the person in obtaining an optimal health status. To establish a high-level wellness. “To maximize use of remaining capacities’