Common Drug Stems Cheat Sheet

Drug Stem Drug Class and/or
Stem Explanation
Examples
–alol Combined alpha and beta blockers labetalol, medroxalol
–andr– Androgens nandrolone
–anserin Serotonin 5–HT(sub)2 receptor antagonists altanserin, tropanserin, altanserin
–arabine Antineoplastics (arabinofuranosyl derivatives) fludarabine
–ase Enzymes alglucerase, dornase alfa
–azepam Antianxiety agents (diazepamtype) lorazepam
–azosin Antihypertensives (prazosintype) doxazosin
–bactam Beta–lactamase inhibitors sulbactam
–bamate Tranquilizers/antiepileptics meprobamate, felbamate
–barb Barbituric acid derivatives phenobarbital
–butazone Anti–inflammatory analgesics (phenylbutazone type) mofebutazone
–caine Local anesthetics dibucaine
cef– Cephalosporins cefazolin
–cillin Penicillins ampicillin
–conazole Antifungals (miconazole type) fluconazole, oxiconazole
–cort– Cortisone derivatives hydrocortisone
–curium Neuromuscular blocking agents atracurium
–cycline Antibiotics (tetracycline type) minocycline
–dralazine Antihypertensives (hydrazine–phthalazines) hydralazine
–erg– Ergot alkaloid derivatives pergolide
estr– Estrogens estrone
–fibrate Antihyperlipidemics bezafibrate
–flurane Inhalation anesthetics enflurane, isoflurane
–gest– Progestins megestrol
–irudin Anticoagulants desirudin
–leukin Interleukin–2 derivatives teceleukin, aldesleukin
–lukast Leukotriene antagonists montelukast, zafirlukast
–mab Monoclonal antibodies capromab, daclizumab, detumomab,
–mantadine Antivirals rimantadine
–monam Monobactam antibiotics gloximonam
–mustine Antineoplastics carmustine
–mycin Antibiotics (streptomyces strains) lincomycin
–olol Beta–blockers (propranololtype) timolol, atenolol
–olone Steroids (no prednisone derivatives) minaxolone
–oxacin Antibiotics (quinolone derivatives) difloxacin, ciprofloxacin
–pamide Diuretics (sulfamoylbenzoic acid derivatives) adipamide
–pamil Coronary vasodilators tiapamil
–parin Heparin derivatives and low molecular weight (or depolymerized) heparins heparin, tinzaparin, dalteparin
–peridol Antipsychotics (haloperidoltype) haloperidol
–poetin Erythropoietins epoetin alfa, epoetin beta
–pramine Antidepressants (imipraminetype) lofepramine
–pred Prednisone derivatives prednicarbate, cloprednol
–pril Antihypertensives (ACE inhibitors) enalapril, temocapril, spirapril
–profen Anti–inflammatory/analgesic agents (ibuprofen type) flurbiprofen
–rubicin Antineoplastic antibiotics (daunorubicin type) epirubicin, idarubicin
–sartan Angiotensin II receptor antagonists losartan, eprosartan
–sulfa Antibiotics (sulfonamide derivatives) sulfasalazine
–thiazide Diuretics (thiazide derivatives) chlorothiazide
–tocin Oxytocin derivatives oxytocin, pitocin
–trexate Antimetabolites (folic acid derivatives) methotrexate
–triptyline Antidepressants amitriptyline
-uracil Uracil derivatives used as thyroid antagonists and as antineoplastics fluorouracil
–vastatin Antihyperlipidemics (HMG–CoA inhibitors) lovastatin, simvastatin
vir-, -vir- or -vir Antiviral substances (undefined group) viroxime, envirodyne, ganciclovir
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