Group therapy is a form of psychotherapy which as small, carefully selected group of individuals meets regularly with a therapist. The client participates in sessions with a group of people. These individuals share a common purpose and are expected to contribute to the group to benefit from others in return.
In group therapy approximately 6-10 individuals meet face-to-face with a trained group therapist. During the group meeting time, members decide what they want to talk about. Members are encouraged to give feedback to others. Feedback includes expressing your own feelings about what someone says or does. Group rules are established that all members must observe. These set of rules vary according to the type of group.
Purpose of a Group Therapy
- It helps an individual gain new information or learning
- It helps an individual gain inspiration or hope.
- The group also allows a person to develop new ways of relating to people.
- During group therapy, people begin to see that they are not alone and that there is hope and help. It is comforting to hear that other people have a similar difficulty, or have already worked through a problem that deeply disturbs another group member.
- In a group, a person feels accepted.
- Group therapy sessions allow an individual to interact freely with other members that shares the same past or present difficulties and problems. The individual then, becomes aware that he is not alone and that others share the same problem.
- A person gains insight into one’s problem and behaviors and how they affect to others.
- Altruistic behavior is practiced. Altruism is the giving of oneself for the benefit of others.
As the group members begin to feel more comfortable, they will be able to speak freely. The psychological safety of the group will allow the expression of those feelings which are often difficult to express outside of group. The client will begin to ask for the support he or she needs.
Types of Group Therapy
- Psychotherapy Groups
- Family therapy
- Education groups
- Support groups
- Self-help groups